Paper made from pulp containing little or no acid so that it resists deterioration due to age. Also sometimes referred to as alkaline paper, archival paper, neutral pH paper, permanent paper or thesis paper.
The process of coating paper in a water based substance to protect and enhance the printing underneath. A printing press applies the coating like ink.
Changes made by a client to artwork at the proofing stage of job. These are usually made at an additional cost to the client.
Space beyond the actual edge of the artwork that is provided for in layout and printed to afford margin for error when trimming down a page so that there is never white space on the edge of a page after trimming.
Elements of the artwork that are debossed, embossed or stamped, but not printed with ink or foiled onto the page.
The thickness of paper or other substrates expressed in thousandths of an inch (mils or points), pages per inch (PPI), thousandths of a millimeter (microns) or pages per centimeter (PPC).
The abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black). Commonly used to describe the four-colour printing process of offset printing. Tandym uses this printing method.
To organize the material to be printed in a specific order as requested.
Mostly commonly used when printing books with sections that will be stitched together. Specific marks or signatures printed on the back of sections that indicate the correct order that the sections must be placed in before binding or stitching.
Strip of small blocks of color printed on a proof or press sheet to assist in evaluating features such as density and dot gain. Also called a color bar, a color guide or a standard offset color bar.
Adjusting the relationship between the process colours to achieve a perfect colour match.
Change in color result due to changes in register, ink densities, dot gain or converting between colour spaces (RGB to CMYK) during four-color or offset printing.
The tendency of middle pages of a folded signature extending slightly beyond outside pages. Also referred to as feathering, outpush, push out or thrust.
Lines printed on artwork that indicate where the printer must trim the page. Also referred to as cut marks and tic marks.
The process of cutting shapes using a die.
Page proofs produced through electronic memory transferred onto paper via laser or ink-jet or publishing online electronically.
The phenomenon in offset printing of halftone dots printing larger on paper than they are on films or plates. This makes printed material appear darker, reduces detail and lowers contrast. Also referred to as dot growth, dot spread or press gain.
The measure of resolution for input devices like scanners, display devices like monitors and output devices like laser printers and image setters. Often abbreviated as DPI. Also called dot pitch.
The phenomenon of printed ink colours becoming less dense as the ink dries.
A file containing both images and PostScript commands. Abbreviated EPS file.
Price that states what a job is likely to cost based in the details provided by the client. Also called a bid, quotation or tender.
Refers how a film registers during stripping and assembly. A good fit means that all images register with other film for the same job.
Predominant direction that fibers in paper align during manufacturing. Also referred to as machine direction.
Paper with fibers running parallel to the long dimension of the sheet. Also called long grain paper or narrow web paper.
Paper with fibers running parallel to the short dimension of the sheet. Also called short grain paper or wide web paper.
The basis weight of paper in grams per square meter (gsm).
Arrangement of pages on machinery or flats to ensure that they will appear in proper sequence after press sheets are folded and bound.
International Standard Book Number: A number or code assigned to a published work, usually printed either on the title page or the back of the title page.
A unique number assigned to a specific printing project at Tandym Print for use in tracking and historical record keeping.
Applying a thin transparent plastic sheet (coating) to paper. Usually applied to thick stock paper used for covers, post cards etc. Lamination provides protection against liquid and wear & tear, in addition to accentuating existing color, and providing a glossy (or lens) effect.
A lens built into a small stand that is used to inspect copy, film, proofs, plates and printing. Also called glass and linen tester.
An example or reproduction of printed material used to illustrate what the finished item should look like or to explain specific instructions.
Undesirable pattern resulting when halftones and screen tints are made with improperly aligned screens, or when a pattern in a photo, such as a plaid, interfaces with a halftone dot pattern.
Spotty, uneven ink absorption by the paper. Also called sinkage. A mottled image may be called mealy.
The part of the book binding process, when air is expelled from a book’s contents at the sewing stage.
Total number of pages that a publication has. Also called extent.
The method of binding sheets that have been ground at the spine and are held to the cover by glue. Also called adhesive bind, cut-back bind, glue bind, paper bind, patent bind, perfect bind, soft bind or soft cover. See also Burst Perfect Bind.
Press capable of printing both sides of the paper during a single pass. Also called duplex press and perfector.
The essential preparation processes that take place prior to printing. Including camera work, color separations, stripping, platemaking and other prepress functions.
Mechanicals made so they are imposed for printing, as compared to reader spreads.
Mechanicals made in two page spreads as readers would see the pages, as compared to printer spread.
Number of rows or lines of dots per inch or centimeter in a screen for making a screen tint or halftone. Also called line count, ruling, screen frequency, screen size and screen value.
Allowance, made during paste-up or stripping, to compensate for creep and ensure that the end result doesn’t display creep. Also called stair stepping or progressive margins.
The back or binding edge of a publication.
To bind using a spiral of continuous wire or plastic looped through holes. Also called coil bind.
One ink or varnish applied to portions of a sheet, as compared to flood or painted sheet.
Adding an additional page or item beyond the normal printing process (separate insertion).Often performed during fulfillment for books or magazines.
Technique of making color separations such that the amount of cyan, magenta and yellow ink is reduced in midtone and shadow areas while the amount of black is increased. Abbreviated UCR.